Transportation of animals on the plane is carried out by prior agreement with the carrier in the presence of the relevant documents!
Information about the carriage of the animal must be provided when booking the ticket. If you decide to travel by plane with your pet, you should pay attention to the following rules for the carriage of animals by air.
You should inform your agent about the desire to carry animals with you when purchasing a ticket. Animals such as cats and dogs, as well as small domesticated animals and birds are accepted for transportation. Birds and animals are accepted for carriage by air only by prior agreement with the Carrier.
To export an animal from the country, first of all, you will need documents for the transportation of animals. Regardless of whether an animal is flying in the aircraft cabin or the luggage compartment, it is transported in a special container. To draw up accompanying documents, you need to contact the veterinary control service.
The container must meet the requirements of IATA (International Air Carriers Association) and be appropriate for the size of the animal. The approximate required dimensions of a container for transporting animals on an airplane can be determined as follows:
- The height of the container must be equal to the height of the animal;
- The container is twice the width of your pet;
- The length of the container is equal to the length of the body, plus half the length of the paw.
A shipping container can be purchased at almost any pet store.
In most cases, transportation of an animal by plane is paid as excess baggage. Of course, neither the airline nor the agent who issues your ticket is responsible for the correctness of the veterinary certificates and export permits.
Some countries (Great Britain, Ireland, Sweden, Australia, New Zealand) have very strict restrictions on the import of animals – they require additional vaccinations, certificates, and also provide for quarantine (up to 6 months). Therefore, it makes sense to inquire in advance about the rules for importing animals to the country of destination. Almost all airlines do not allow dogs and cats into the cabin. Sometimes it is possible to transport animals with weight restrictions up to 5 kg. All other animals fly in a special section of the aircraft’s luggage compartment. A 40 kg dog requires a separate passenger ticket and a separate passenger seat.
Also, guide dogs accompanying blind and deaf passengers are carried in the aircraft cabin. Such a dog should be muzzled and near the owner. Guides are transported free of charge.
All animals during the flight must be in special containers that meet the requirements of IATA and correspond to the size of the animal.
In most cases, transportation of animals by plane is paid as excess baggage.
The carrier is not responsible for any loss, illness or death of the animal, as well as in case of refusal to accept it in the country.
As a rule, pets and birds are transported in the cargo hold of the aircraft, after placing them in special containers. These containers are manufactured in accordance with the IATA Live Animals Regulations. They are made of wood, metal or plastic, they contain ventilation holes, compartments for food and water. The bottom of the container is covered with an absorbent material. The volume of the container should be such that the animal does not feel constrained in it, it can become, spin around itself, lie in its usual position. Bird cages must be covered with an opaque cloth.
It is allowed to transport animals and birds in a special container or cage in the aircraft cabin only if the dimensions of the container do not exceed the dimensions of 45x35x25 cm, and the weight of the animal with the container does not exceed 5 kg, as well as specially trained guide dogs for the blind. At the same time, passengers with animals cannot take seats in emergency exits. A passenger with a guide dog, attachment to the chair at the owner’s feet and in a muzzle, is placed at the end of the cabin. It is allowed to transport animals and birds in the aircraft cabin only if accompanied by an adult passenger.
The cost of transporting an animal on an airplane depends on its weight. However, the transport of guide dogs is free of charge.
Useful tips for transporting animals on the plane:
- Do not “pump” the animal with sedatives (tranquilizers) before flying. During the flight, his body temperature may drop, which is why the animal will take longer to get used to the new environment;
- feed your pet a light meal about 2:00 before departure;
- dogs with a flat nose (bulldog, boxer, pug, Pekingese) are more difficult than other breeds to tolerate the influence of a rarefied atmosphere, so take care of maximum ventilation in the container with the animal;
- walk the animal before the flight;
- mark the animal’s name on the container;
- do not let the animal drink 4:00 before the flight;
- the registration procedure for an animal may take some time, so it is better to arrive at the airport 3:00 earlier before departure;
- about a week before departure, start accustoming the animal to the cage / container so that it can get used to the conditions of transportation;
- take a veterinary first aid kit with you.
Are there requirements for the container (bag) in which the animal is during the flight?
Yes there is. To transport an animal or bird, you will need a hard plastic or wood packing container or a metal cage with air access. The size of the container should allow the animal to stand up to its full height and return around it. The container must have a reliable locking device, at the bottom – absorbent (waterproof) material. Bird cages should be covered with a dense cloth that does not transmit light.
Can I make a container for transporting an animal myself?
Yes it is possible. Below is a description and drawing of a container for transporting pet dogs and cats, designed in accordance with the requirements of the IATA Live Animals Regulations and recommended for transporting animals on S7 flights.
Materials. Fiberglass, metal, rigid (non-flexing) plastic, welded wire mesh, hardwood or plywood.
Design principles. Containers made entirely of welded mesh or wire mesh are not suitable for air transport. Rigid plastic containers can be used to transport most dog breeds, but some of these containers are still not suitable for transporting large or very aggressive dogs. Such animals can be transported in a specially made container made of hardwood, metal, plywood or similar materials, with two locking devices on each side of the door.
If the container has wheels, they must be removed or brought to a standstill.
Dimensions. The size of the container must be such that each animal placed in the container can stand upright, turn freely, stand, sit, and lie in a natural position.
Frame (frames). For wooden containers, it is allowed to have a frame made of wooden blocks with dimensions of at least 2.5 × 7.5 cm, connected to each other by bolts or screws, to which the sides of the container are attached.
Parties. All parts of the plastic containers must be present and properly installed. Use at least 12 mm (1.2 in.) Plywood or equivalent for the outside of wooden containers. The sides must be firm and well ventilated. The inner surfaces of the container are smooth, without any protrusions that the animal could bite or scratch and thereby damage the integrity of the container.
One side of the container must be fully dedicated for ventilation, while it must be covered with a grill, welded or smooth metal mesh, which is securely attached to the container so that the animal cannot remove or tear it off.
Transfer devices (handles). The container should have a carrying device located in the middle of each of the long sides of the container over its entire length.
The bottom. It must be solid and waterproof.
Upper part (roof). The top of the container must be rigid. The presence of ventilation openings over the entire surface is allowed, provided they do not harm the integrity of the container and do not reduce the strength of the lid.
Doors. One side of the container should serve as a door. It can be slid out or hinged. On large doors, you need to install two or three additional locks or other reliable fasteners.
Doors should be made of plastic, welded metal, or castings of sufficient size and thickness so that the animal cannot bend or deform. The size of the net should be such that neither the nose nor the paws of the animal pass through it – this way you avoid possible damage to both the animal and the container.
Doors made of plastic materials are allowed provided the locks and fasteners are made of metal of sufficient thickness. In rigid plastic containers, the door pins should extend through the entire length of the door and protrude at least 1.6 cm from the top and bottom of the container door (horizontal section).
Ventilation . It is provided by one open side, for example, a door and ventilation holes of at least 2.5 cm, located in the upper part of the side opposite to the door and the last two sides of the container at a distance of 10 cm from each other (from axis to axis).
If you are transporting a large dog, the open side of the container should be covered with a fine metal grate or double welded mesh with an intermediate distance of 1 cm.
The total ventilation area must be at least 16% of the total surface of all four sides. You can make extra openings on the roof or sides of the container, or wide openings covered with mesh to increase the ventilation effect.
Food and water in a container. The water container must be placed inside the container so that it can be filled from the outside. The container with food that you take in case of a flight delay must be closed; it can be located both inside and outside the cage.